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PMBOK is industry agnostic project management standard. It defines 47 processes to manage a project. Every process has defined input, output, tools & techniques. But we know that tools and techniques required to manage a project also depends upon the industry for which we are doing a project. To do the industry specific work PMI has come up with a beautiful concept called “Expert Judgement”. This term is heavily used in the PMBOK in fact 28 processes out of 47, i.e. 60% of the processes uses this term as tool and technique. But the meaning and purpose of this changes from process to process and industry to industry. Broadly expert judgement can be bucketed into following groups.
- A department within the organization
- Industry Group
- Engineering Associations
- Subject Matter Expert
Keep in mind that it is different from Organizational Process Assets, which is related to the processes or artifacts and part of the organization and built earlier.
Manytimes PMP aspirants get confused that a PMBOK process lists many tools and techniques and then one more, Expert Judgement. They think that this is the overuse of the term, either expert judgement or give list of all those tools and techniques why both. But PMBOK is very cautious about when they are addressing to all the industries through this standard. Many a times meaning of this in a process is if you cannot complete the processes using the listed tools and techniques then use expert judgment :).
Expert Judgement is Tool and Techniques to following processes.
- Develop Project Charter
- Develop Project Management Plan
- Direct and Manage Project Work
- Monitor and Control Project Work
- Perform Integrated Change Control
- Close Project or Phase
- Plan Scope Management
- Define Scope
- Create WBS
- Plan Schedule Management
- Define Activities
- Estimate Activity Resources
- Estimate Activity Durations
- Plan Cost Management
- Estimate Cost
- Determine Budget
- Plan Human Resource Management
- Control Communications
- Plan Risk Management
- Identify Risks
- Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis
- Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis
- Plan Risk Response
- Plan Procurement Management
- Conduct Procurements
- Identify Stakeholders
- Plan Stakeholder Management
- Control Stakeholder Engagement