Develop Project Charter
Develop Project Charter process is performed by the project sponsor. This process is the first process to kick start any project. Primary output of this process is Project Charter. Through this document the project sponsor formally authorizes a project manager to apply organizational resources for the success of the project or project phase, whatever is the scope of project charter. If project charter is missing then project manager does not have mandate to use organization resources, neither s/he knows where s/he should go in the case of trouble or where should s/he go for getting money.
If project is not given a project charter by the his/her manager, then s/he should first create a charter based on his understanding and get it signed by the purpose who he knows as the sponsor of the project.
While writing project charter we need to understand that we are authorizing a right project. A right project is one which is doable, where investment can be justified, success and failure risks are understood adequately and there is end-user of the output of the project. This work is very serious and without proper research work and consideration if you start a wrong project then we ensure the failure of a project at the start. I call it plan of failure is there is no plan.
Develop project charter may be the first process is the project life-cycle but there are many processes which happens for the conception of the project. Most of the time project managers comes in the project at this stage and they do not know what work has been done before the project life-cycle starts. Therefore, it is project sponsor’s accountablity to transfer all the documents and knowledge to the project manager so that s/he can consider history and background of the project conception at the time of planning. Continuous business justification is also one of the responsibilities of a project manager. S/he cannot do it without knowing the value of the project in the eyes of sponsor, customer, end-user and communities.
Develop Project Charter : Process Table
|Input||Tools & Techniques||Output|
|Project Statement of work||Expert Judgement||Project Charter|
|Business case||Facilitation Techniques|
|Enterprise Environmental Factors|
|Organization Process Assets|